We use cupro for the lining of our bags. Cupro is a cellulose fibre made from recovered cotton waste, derived from cotton linter – the ultra-fine, silky fibres that stick to the seeds of the cotton plant after it has been ginned (ginning is the process of puling the cotton fibres from the seed head).  

With the introduction of new technology, what would otherwise be discarded cotton is reborn, capturing both the gentleness of natural fibres and the functionality of man-made fibres. Each cupro fibre is extremely fine and uniform in thickness and is softer than regular cotton, with a smooth and beautiful luster. Cupro is also biodegradable. 


Conventionally grown cotton is highly dependent on pesticides, requires intensive irrigation and industrial fertilisers, meaning that this highly cultivated crop is having a detrimental impact on our ecosystem. 

Organic cotton on the other hand, relies on the use of nature to lure away pests and attract beneficial bugs. Crop nutrition is managed by using organic inputs such as compost, mulch and manures.  Fairtrade cotton farming methods also promote better working conditions for farmers and cotton pickers. It provides a strategy for fighting poverty and guarantees minimum prices for workers.

We use cotton in our linings and embroidery thread and we source Fairtrade and, or organic cotton wherever possible. Healthier, happier farmers and a reduction in pesticides and unnecessary toxins going into the ground; for us this makes sense both environmentally and socially.


Our viscose fabrics are produced in line with Greenpeace’s Detox commitment, whereby we are committed to zero discharges of all hazardous chemicals from all production procedures that are associated with the making and using of our products.

As a plant based fibre, viscose is not inherently toxic or polluting. However, because of the growing fast fashion industry, much of the viscose on the market today is manufactured cheaply using energy, water and chemically intensive processes that have devastating impacts on workers and the environment.


Silk is a natural fibre that comes from the larvae of the mulberry silkworm. The silk fibres have a prism like structure, which causes them to refract light, creating the luster for which silk has become so prized.

By taking part in Rete Clima, a national forest compensation project, our Italian silk manufacturers have worked to neutralize their energy consumption as well as to reduce their emissions of CO2, and to entirely eliminate harmful chemicals, including fluorocarbons, from their textile production process. 

Polyurethane (PU)

As a vegetarian company we do not use leather, skins, furs or feathers in any of our products or collaborations.  We diligently work to source beautiful alternatives, which will withstand wear and tear, and all of which are PVC free.

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is considered to be the most environmentally damaging of all plastics (Greenpeace). Short-term exposure to PVC can result in central nervous system effects such as dizziness, drowsiness and headaches in humans.

While we do not use leather due to animal welfare principles, there are also very compelling environmental reasons to avoid it. The use of land for cattle grazing and greenhouse gas emissions associated with animal rearing, as well as heavy energy use and water consumption, not to mention the chemical contamination of ground-waters which is caused by tanning processes.

Although our choice to avoid leather enables us to have a lesser impact than those that do use leather, we do acknowledge that synthetic alternatives are not without environmental concerns.  However, we are taking every care to ensure that our impact is as minimal as possible.


The construction of our bags also requires glue. We ensure that no fish glue or any other glues derived from animal parts are used in the production of our bags. Our adhesives are only ever water based and are perfectly safe to work with.


Forests produce the oxygen that we need to breathe.  They absorb carbon dioxide, which helps regulate climate change. They produce fuel, food, medicine and resources such as timber. They are the habitat for the majority of the world’s birds and animals.

Sustainable forestry certifications let us rest assured that the paper we are using comes from responsibly and sustainably managed forests and plantations.

We try to trace all of our products that have ties to the forest to ensure that they do not directly or indirectly contribute to the destruction of the planet’s forests.  For example, the paper we use comes from 50% – 100% post consumer recycled pulp and is FSC certified.